Analysis & Foresight

Aerial landscape photo of a sea shore
© kbrembo/

The climate crisis is one of the most serious risks to global peace and stability in the 21st century. Failure to understand and address interacting climate and conflict risks will undermine the sustainability of both peace and climate policies.

Weathering Risk unites state-of-the-art climate impact data and expert conflict analysis to promote peace and resilience in a changing climate. Our multilateral initiative is developing analysis, tools and trainings grounded in geographically and thematically focused climate security risk assessments. With these, we facilitate risk-informed planning, enhance capacity for action and improve operational responses that promote climate resilience and peace.

The Weathering Risk Methodology

Innovative climate data and state-of-the-art quantitative methods, such as causal inference and machine learning, identify current and future impacts of climate change and help improve understanding of when and how these threaten peace and security. This is combined with on-the-ground qualitative research at different scales and from diverse geographies to build up a comprehensive analysis of compound climate and security risks. 

Access the methodology paper

We draw on collaborations with multiple UN agencies and multilateral organisations to produce locally and contextually grounded analysis focused on select regions, such as Mali, the Arab States Region, and the Pacific. The resulting outputs are tailored to stakeholders across the diplomacy, development, defence, humanitarian aid and climate communities. For example, our Mali analysis supports UN agencies and offers specific guidance for the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA). 

However, the initiative is not limited to certain geographies, but provides policymakers and implementers with an easily applicable methodology to conduct their own analyses of climate-linked conflicts. 

Capacity support tools

Weathering Risk turns strategic uncertainty into manageable risk and contributes to informed decision making. We identify the right questions to ask and how to make use of the available information. 

​​​​​Our focus lies on enhancing capacity for action, improving risk informed planning, and advancing operational responses. We closely link our work to international processes such as UNFCC COPs, G7 and UN Security Council meetings. The first Weathering Risk policy paper, for example, offers five steps donors and governments should take to deliver on the climate-security agenda. 

​​​​Our  replicable assessment methodology is being used by peacebuilding partners on the ground in Somalia and will be included in the new UN Resident Coordinators handbook. We are also working with national intelligence experts to develop a strategic foresight game using our risk analysis. The game will help high-level decision makers formulate strategies that respond to climate security risks in a given mission setting, supporting a deeper understanding of the issue as well as what action on the ground would look like.

Dialogues and training

Weathering Risk works to convene, connect, and bolster the growing community of practice on Climate Security. Using our analysis to inform the discourse, we initiate timely, politically pertinent discussions, for example the Climate Security in 3D dialogue series and the first ever ministerial roundtable on climate and security at COP26 in Glasgow. To support the translation of dialogue to action, we draw on our analysis to develop tailored trainings that support policymakers and implementing partners in integrating climate security risk analysis into strategic and operational processes.

Discover our work
  • ACRA Cover Image
    © Inga Israel

    African Climate Security Risk Assessment: Executive Summary

  • inclusion workshop image
    © Tim Mossholder/Unsplash

    Next steps towards an inclusive Climate, Peace and Security agenda

  • Southern Africa CRP

    Climate Risk Profile: Southern Africa